Burkina Faso, is a State of 274 200 km² of surface and of 17 322 796 inhabitants in 2014 of landlocked western Africa and bordering on Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana in the south and Ivory Coast in the south-west. Its capital is Ouagadougou and its inhabitants are called burkinafausi.
It is a republic. First a French colony, it gained independence from France in 1960 under the name of the Republic of the Upper Volta. The current name, Burkina Faso, was established on 4 August 1984 by the revolutionary president Thomas Sankara, and means “the land of the whole men” in blackberries and bambara, spoken respectively by the ethnicity of the movement and the ethnicity dioula.